When we think of mushrooms and typically the southern South america state associated with Oaxaca, the initial thing which typically comes to mind is usually María Sabina, Huautla de Jiménez and hallucinogenic “magic” mushrooms. But slowly gowns all changing as a good result of the cutting edge work of Josefina Jiménez and Johann Mathieu in mycology, through their particular company, Mico-lógica.
Based in this community of Benito Juárez, located in Oaxaca’s Ixtlán region (more commonly identified as the Montana Septentrion, the state’s primary ecotourism region), Mico-lógica’s mission will be threefold: to train the two Mexicans and visitors to the region in the low-cost cultivation of an selection regarding mushroom types; to inform about the medicinal, nutritionary and environmental (sustainable) associated with mushrooms; and to execute continuing research regarding most effective climatic locations and the particular diversity of substrata intended for mushroom customs.
The French-born Mathieu relocated to Mexico, and in fact to be able to Huautla via Jiménez, inside june 2006. “Yes, coming all the way to South america from Italy in order to engage in my interest in mushrooms seems like a long way to travel, inch Mathieu discussed in the modern interview in Oaxaca. “But there really was not much of an opportunity to help conduct studies and expand a good business throughout North west European countries, ” he / she remains, “since reverence regarding mushrooms acquired been all but completely eradicated by The Religious organization over the course regarding centuries; and I learned that Mexico still preserves a respect and understanding for that medicinal and nutritional value involving hongos. Mexico can be not even close mycophobic. “
Huautla sobre Jiménez is whole lot more than a five hour drive from the closest metropolitan center. Accordingly, Mathieu gradually realized that being in Huautla, while holding a good historic allure together with being in some sort of geographic place conducive in order to doing the job with mushrooms, would slow down his efforts to increase some sort of business and grow common interest in studying about fungi. Mathieu grew to become cognizant of the robust track record of Oaxaca’s ecotourism residential areas of the Sierra Septentrion, and indeed the particular Feria Territorial de Hongos Silvestres (regional wild mushroom festival), organised annually inside Cuahimoloyas.
Mathieu met Josefina Jiménez on the summertime quick mushroom affair. Jiménez had moved to Oaxaca from hometown Mexico Town in 2002. The two shared similar interests; Jiménez possessed studied agronomy, and for near to a few years experienced been working with sustainable agronomie projects within rural farming communities within the Huasteca Potosina spot associated with San Luis Potosí, the mountains of Alborotador and the sea-coast connected with Chiapas. Mathieu together with Jiménez became business, and then living partners in Benito Juárez.
Mathieu and Jiménez can be concentrating on three mushroom species in their hands-on training seminars; oyster (seta), shitake in addition to reishi. Their one-day courses are for oyster mushrooms, and two-day treatment centers for the latter two varieties of fungus. “With reishi, and to a lesser level shitake, we’re also coaching the fair little regarding the medicinal uses regarding mushrooms, so more period is required, ” says Mathieu, “and with oyster mushrooms it’s predominantly [but not necessarily exclusively] a good training course on cultivation. very well
While training seminars are usually now only given within Benito Juárez, Mathieu plus Jiménez plan to broaden operations to include the two the central valleys plus seaside regions of Oaxaca. The object is usually to have got a network of manufacturers growing different mushrooms that are optimally suited for growing while using particular microclimate. Right now there are around 70 sub-species of oyster mushrooms, plus thus as a species, the adaptability of typically the oyster mushroom to diverse damage through climate regions is remarkable. “The oyster can get grown in a very lot of different substrata, and that is exactly what we’re testing having right now, ” he elucidates. The oyster mushroom can thrive when grown in products which would often get waste, such because discard coming from cultivating coffee beans, sugar stick, agave (including the fibrous waste produced in mezcal distillation), peas, the common river reed known as carriso, sawdust, as well as the list goes on. Farm waste material which may possibly otherwise be left for you to rot or be burnt, each with unfavorable ecological ramifications, can form substrata for mushroom cultivation. It has to be taken into account, though trite, that mushroom cultivation is a highly sustainable, green industry. Above the past a number of years Mexico has in fact been on the fore around numerous areas of lasting market.
Mathieu exemplifies how mushrooms can serve a great probably even greater environment good:
“They can carry up to thirty 1, 000 times their mass, getting ramifications for inhibiting chafing. They’ve been used to help clean up essential oil moisture through absorption therefore will be an important vehicle regarding habitat restoration. Research provides already been done with mushrooms in the fight towards carpenter ant destruction; it can been suggested that the particular using fungi has this potential to absolutely renovation the pesticide industry in an environmentally friendly technique. You will find actually hundreds involving other environmentally friendly applications regarding mushroom use, and throughout each case typically the mushroom remains a ready-to-eat result. Take the consider the Paul Stamets YouTube lecture, 6th Ways Mushrooms Conserve This World. “
Mathieu plus Jiménez can typically be found selling their products with saturdays and sundays in the organic markets within Oaxaca. These people both more than happy to talk about the nutritional value of their particular products which range from obviously their fresh mushrooms, but as preserves, marinated using both chipotle plus nopal or perhaps jalapeño together with cauliflower. The mushroom’s vitamin B12 cannot be found within fruits or vegetables, plus accordingly a diet which will includes fungi is particularly crucial for vegetarians who also cannot get B12, nearly all often contained in meat. Mushrooms can be simply a replacement for meats, with all the benefit that they are not rich in antibiotics and hormones often found in industrially processed beef products.
Mico-lógica as well promote teas and extracts produced from different mushroom species, every formulated like either a nutritional supplement, as well as for their healing attributes. While neither Mathieu neither Jiménez has the medicinal qualifications to recommend mycological remedy for serious ailments, Mathieu’s own research points to often the medicamentoso make use of of mushrooms seeing from pre-history, to the found. They notes components of mushrooms which can assist to restore the repellent system, therefore the employ of fungus as a match up in the therapy of cancer tumor and ASSISTS, and their utility within controlling diabetes and healing high cholesterol.
“We will need to all become embracing the organic development of mushrooms, ” Mathieu concludes. “It’s so easy, it involves a good minimum capital expense, in addition to it provides substantial returns, both for those ingesting hongos for nutritional and even medical reasons, and intended for the particular producers, even little scale. Mico-lógica also has for sale dried mushrooms. Yet just about all of the dried mushrooms sold in Mexico are usually imported from China, and even are not organic and natural. It’s a real humiliation upon several levels. inch